Health aim pharmacy (Andaranfulbari , D.B.Road, Tufanganj) 736160 Coochbehare IN
Health aim pharmacy
Health aim pharmacy (Andaranfulbari , D.B.Road, Tufanganj) Coochbehare, IN
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Guidelines for a Low Sodium Diet

  • By Surajit Barman
  • •  May 08, 2024

Guidelines for a Low Sodium Diet

Low sodium diet

One of the main sources of sodium is table salt. The average American consumes five or more teaspoons of salt per day. This is about 20 times more than the body requires. In fact, your body needs only 1/4 teaspoon of salt per day. Sodium occurs naturally in foods, but is added in large quantities during processing and preparation. Many foods that don't taste salty can still be high in sodium. Canned, processed, and convenience foods can contain large amounts of sodium. And sodium is found in many foods served in fast food restaurants.

Sodium regulates the balance of fluids in our body and maintains blood volume and blood pressure. Consuming too much sodium can raise blood pressure and cause fluid retention, which can lead to swelling of the legs and feet or other health problems.

When limiting sodium in your diet, a general goal is to consume less than 2,000 milligrams of sodium per day.

General guidelines for cutting salt

  • Avoid salty foods from your diet and reduce the amount of salt used in cooking. Sea salt is no better than ordinary salt.
  • Choose foods that are low in sodium. Many salt-free or low-salt products are available. When reading food labels, low sodium is defined as less than 140 mg of sodium per serving.
  • Salt substitutes are sometimes made without potassium, so read the label. If you're on a low-potassium diet, check with your doctor before using those salt substitutes.
  • Get creative and season your food with spices, herbs, lemon, garlic, ginger, vinegar, and pepper. Remove salt shaker from table.
  • Read the ingredients label to identify foods high in sodium. Items with 400 milligrams of sodium or more are high in sodium. High sodium food additives include salt, brine, or other items that contain sodium, such as monosodium glutamate.
  • Eat more home-cooked food. Foods cooked from scratch naturally have lower sodium content than most instant and boxed mixes.
  • Do not use soft water for cooking and drinking because it has added salt.
  • Avoid sodium-containing drinks like alka seltzer and bromo seltzer.

Meat, chicken, fish, legumes, eggs, and nuts
High-sodium foods : 

  • Smoked, cured, salted or canned meat, fish or poultry including bacon, cold cuts, ham, frankfurters, sausages, sardines, caviar and anchovies.
  • Frozen breaded meats and dinners, such as burritos and pizza
  • Canned entrees, such as ravioli, spam, and chili
  • Salted nuts
  • Canned beans with added salt
Low sodium options : 
  • Any fresh or frozen beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish
  • Eggs and egg substitutes
  • Low sodium peanut butter
  • Dried beans and peas (not canned)
  • Low sodium canned fish
  • Canned fish or poultry packed in drained, water or oil
Dairy products
High sodium foods
  • Buttermilk
  • Regular and Processed Cheese, Cheese Spreads and Sauces
  • cottage cheese
  • Low sodium options
  • Milk, yogurt, ice cream and ice milk
  • Low-sodium cheeses, cream cheese, ricotta cheese, and mozzarella

Bread, grains and cereals
High sodium foods

  • Bread and rolls with salty toppings
  • Quick Bread, Self-Dough, Biscuit, Pancake and Waffle Mix
  • Pizza, croutons and saltine crackers
  • Prepackaged, processed mix for potatoes, rice, pasta and stuffing

Low sodium options : 

  • Breads, bagels and rolls without a salted top
  • Muffins and most prepared cereals
  • All rice and pasta, but do not add salt during cooking
  • Low Sodium Corn and Flour Tortillas and Noodles
  • Low sodium crackers and breadsticks
  • Unsalted popcorn, chips and pretzels

Vegetables and fruits
High sodium foods

  • Regular canned vegetables and vegetable juice
  • Olives, pickles, sauerkraut, and other pickled vegetables
  • Vegetables made with ham, bacon, or salted pork
  • Packaged mixes, such as scalloped or au gratin potatoes, frozen hash browns, and tater tots
  • Commercially prepared pasta and tomato sauce and salsa

Low sodium options :

  • Fresh and frozen vegetables without sauce
  • Low-sodium canned vegetables, sauces, and juices
  • Fresh Potatoes, Frozen French Fries and Instant Mashed Potatoes
  • Low-salt tomato or V-8 juice.
  • Most fresh, frozen and canned fruits
  • dry fruit

High sodium foods

  • Regular canned and dehydrated soups, broths, and bouillon
  • Noodles and cup of seasoned ramen mix

Low sodium options

  • Low-sodium canned and dehydrated soups, broths, and bouillon
  • Homemade soup without salt

Fats, desserts and sweets
High sodium foods

  • Soy sauce, masala salt, other sauces and marinades
  • Bottled Salad Dressing, Regular Salad Dressing with Bacon Bits
  • Salted butter or margarine
  • Instant puddings and cakes
  • Major portion of ketchup, mustard

Low sodium options

  • Vinegar, unsalted butter or margarine
  • Vegetable oils and low sodium sauces and salad dressings
  • Mayonnaise
  • All desserts made without salt

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